We revisit this question and find that the transmission of oil price shocks on the U.S. economy has changed as a result of the shale oil boom. An oil price increase may now actually be good news for economic activity in the U.S.
Are oil price increases bad news to the U.S. economy? In the new CAMP working paper 08/2018, PhD candidate Julia Zhulanova and I revisit this question by analyzing if the transmission of oil price shocks on the U.S. economy has changed as a result of the shale oil boom. In a first study of this kind, we take into account spillovers from oil to various industries and employment across the U.S. states, while also allowing also dynamics to vary over time. For this purpose we specify and estimate a time-varying parameter (TVP) factor-augmented VAR (FAVAR) model with stochastic volatility.
In contrast to previous results, we find considerable changes in the way oil price shocks are transmitted to the U.S economy: there are now positive spillovers to non-oil investment, employment, real personal income and production in many U.S. states from an increase in the oil price – effects that were not present before the shale oil boom. This explains why the U.S. did not experience a boom following the steep decline in oil prices between 2014 and 2016. The country has increased its reliance of oil by becoming the world’s largest oil producer. An oil price increase may now actually be good news for economic activity across the U.S.
To read the paper, go tho the link here: https://biopen.bi.no/bi-xmlui/bitstream/handle/11250/2568782/working_camp_08-2018.pdf?sequence=5&isAllowed=y
Keywords: Shale oil boom, FAVAR model, Time-varying changes, Geographical dispersion of shocks
New paper "The Price Responsiveness of Shale Producers: Evidence from Micro Data" (coauthors Knut Are Aastveit and Thomas Gundersen) CAMP Working paper 5/2021, BI Norwegian Business School.
HIlde C. Bjornland is in appointed member of the Norwegian Government Commission that will assess the Financial Supervisory Act and activities (mandate in Norwegian).
The paper "Inflation expectations and the pass-through of oil prices" (coauthors Knut Are Aastveit and Jamie Cross) is accepted for publication in Review of Economics and Statistics.
Introduction to “New Developments in Econometrics of Energy and Climate” (coauthors J. Isaac Miller and Yoosoon Chang). Energy Economics, 100, 2021 (Virtual special issue).